‘Sudarios’: Documento de muerte, conmemoración de vida.

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Érika Diettes retrata la huella de la violencia en los rostros de los sobrevivientes.

Por Christian Padilla

NOTA DEL EDITOR: Las fotos incluidas en esta colección forman parte de una muestra de 20 fotografías impresas en lienzo titulada “Sudarios”. Las fotografías han sido exhibidas en museos y centros culturales en Latinoamérica y Estados Unidos.

Un rostro siempre refleja en sus rasgos lo que su voz quiere ocultar. La expresión de un gesto puede ser inconsciente, pero de la voluntad de callar sólo es dueño el que posee el secreto.

En ese sentido un retrato podría ser más diciente que un testimonio, especialmente cuando lo que se calla nos protege de escuchar lo agresivo de un relato y crear en nuestra mente las imágenes más escalofriantes. El lenguaje del silencio se hace acá más elocuente.

En sus últimos trabajos, Érika Diettes inició un grupo de retratos que partían de sus series anteriores: testigos de asesinatos y masacres en poblaciones atacadas por la violencia de grupos armados. Mientras la artista captura la imagen, los personajes confiesan los traumas vividos. La cámara es obturada en el momento más álgido de sus narraciones; las historias más macabras e irreales que una persona podría vivir (y sobrevivir para contar) ponen de manifiesto que el descanso de los muertos es una dicha de la que los sobrevivientes no gozan.

La imagen perdurará para siempre en el recuerdo de los vivos, como un incesante regreso al momento más doloroso. Esas huellas permanecerán en sus rostros como cicatrices, delatándolos en esa melancolía que les queda grabada. Sobrevivir es cargar con un peso de por vida, una tortura cada día; tal vez sean bienaventurados los que se van sin guardar esos recuerdos.

Los retratados parecen desnudarse para la artista, de manera literal y figurada. Abren
su corazón para compartir el duelo, contando las masacres que sucedieron ante sus ojos, cuando vieron por última vez con vida a sus seres queridos. También su piel está expuesta, mostrándonos sin vergüenza su humanidad como un ser anónimo, como cualquier otro que cuenta su historia más triste sin pena de haberla vivido así.

Cuando estas fotografías (que evocan a la muerte sutilmente) se fijan a la tela, la remembranza a, y semejanza con, las reliquias cristianas es instantánea. En ellas se perpetuaban los últimos gestos de los mártires, como un retrato póstumo que aún guardaba el último suspiro. Las telas se impregnan del llanto, de la sangre y del sudor, dejando en ellas una imagen final que perdura en el lienzo como documento de la muerte y conmemoración de su vida.

Diettes busca con estos retratos darle espacio de duelo al sobreviviente, sin olvidar al difunto. La artista se interna en los pueblos afectados y entabla diálogos con los sobrevivientes, conversaciones que rememoran eventos de violencia en los cuales se han asesinado a personas cercanas. Los viajes se repiten constantemente y el diálogo frecuente da paso a un proceso de sanación para los sobrevivientes a la vez que sus testimonios reconstruyen la memoria colectiva de una sociedad.

Escuchar sus historias y recordar esos mártires es ayudar en su entierro. Las telas nos sugieren una solemnidad y respeto que no podrían ser reflejados en una imagen fotográfica enmarcada en la pared, tal vez porque los dolientes, al ser retratados sobre un sudario, se identifican con la agonía de Cristo. Sus ojos capturaron el último instante de vida de alguien, y el lienzo conserva en esa mirada el recuerdo y el presente. Se trata de una imagen donde muerte y vida, ilusión y desesperanza quedan registradas ante el lente de una artista que ha venido plasmando en su obra una reflexión en torno a la muerte en Colombia y el lugar que ocupa el hombre y la mujer que tiene que sobrevivirla.

Christian Padilla es un historiador de arte.

Érika Diettes

Erika DiettesÉrika Diettes es una artista visual que trabaja y reside en Bogotá. Su obra ha privilegiado la fotografía, explorando las problemáticas de la memoria, el dolor, la ausencia y la muerte. Su producción fotográfica y ensayística ha sido publicada en varios libros, periódicos y revistas. Asimismo, su obra está representada en importantes colecciones públicas y privadas, y se ha expuesto en museos y centros culturales en Colombia, Chile, Argentina, México y Estados Unidos. Las fotografías de Diettes se han expuesto también en otros espacios relacionados con procesos de memoria desarrollados por diferentes movimientos de víctimas en Colombia.
El sitio web de la artista es erikadiettes.com



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